by Sam Vincent This document summarises the final Security in Transition programme Field Research Ethics and Methodology workshop held at the London School of Economics on 17 October, 2016. As with previous workshops, the substance of the presentations and discussion focused on the ethical and methodological questions raised in the course of conducting research on
Global Security Cultures: A Theoretical Framework for analysing Security in TransitionWorking Papers
This paper introduces the concept of security cultures as a theoretical framework to enable scholars to make sense of the competing ideas and practices that currently characterise the field of security.
This article argues that internationally endorsed peace agreements entrench the restructuring of power relations that take place in ‘new wars’. It characterizes new wars as ‘mutual enterprises’ in which networks of state and nonstate actors engage in violence for economic and/or political gain. The article shows the way in which such networks subvert efforts to implement a rule of law, primarily using the example of Bosnia.
Special Issue – Law, Justice and the Security Gap: Justice as a Security Strategy? International Justice and the Liberal Peace in the BalkansJournal Articles
The establishment of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in the midst of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina was seen by many as a radical innovation in security thinking and practice. This article examines the security implications of international justice in the Balkans by situating the analysis within the broader context of international interventions in the region. The article starts by elaborating a distinctive conception of ‘security’ that emerges from the pursuit of international justice, addressing questions such as security for whom, security from what and security by what means.
Syrian human rights defenders have mobilised information systems in order to document human rights violations and to challenge the legitimacy of the Syrian state. They use a mixture of advanced and low-tech Information Communication Technology (ICT), which empower them but also expose them to harm.
The Security Gap in Syria: Individual and Collective Security in ‘Rebel-held’ TerritoriesJournal Articles
This paper examines security in Syria through the conceptual lens of the security gap, understood as the gap between security practices and objectives which have implications for individual and collective security. Practices of security can be the state apparatus, the military, and militias. The objective – safety – can refer to the safety or security of a range of collectives including the state, political parties, and ethnic groups, while individual security refers to the general safety of inhabitants and the protection of human rights.
Security Policy has changed dramatically since the end of the Cold War. It can no longer be thought of in terms of securing one country against the military attack of another. Security is now a global concept that crosses state boundaries and faces risks of many shapes and sizes.
The main aim of this research programme is to conceptualise and describe empirically the security gap and to track the way public and private security capabilities are changing and whether they help to close the gap or open it further. Because the world is changing so rapidly, the team has been interested, from the outset, in developing research methods that capture the 'new' nature of what we are analysing and observing. This paper summarises the main methodological and ethical considerations to date across the programme's five components.
This chapter considers the role of transnational civil society in genocide response and prevention. While the focus is often on international NGOs and the media in this context, the paper argues for a broader lens. It suggests that civil society’s most important role might be its contribution to the evolving global humanitarian regime – those ‘rules’ and ‘tools’ that shape international discussions and responses in the face of any particular crisis.
The problem of conflict persistence has attracted growing attention in recent years but the ensuing proliferation of vocabularies, analytical lenses, and policy agendas leaves significant gaps in our knowledge and often encourages more confusion than clarity. This Special Issue of Conflict, Security & Development explores three aspects of conflict persistence: trends, drivers, and solutions.