by Sam Vincent This document summarises the final Security in Transition programme Field Research Ethics and Methodology workshop held at the London School of Economics on 17 October, 2016. As with previous workshops, the substance of the presentations and discussion focused on the ethical and methodological questions raised in the course of conducting research on
Global Security Cultures: A Theoretical Framework for analysing Security in TransitionWorking Papers
This paper introduces the concept of security cultures as a theoretical framework to enable scholars to make sense of the competing ideas and practices that currently characterise the field of security.
Does Security Imply Safety? (On the Lack Of) Correlation Between Different Aspects of SecurityJournal Articles
This paper investigates to what extent different aspects of security correlate. It distinguishes four concepts covered by the term ‘security’: technical safety, perceived safety, technical security and perceived security. It is shown that these concepts need not correlate conceptually. Furthermore, the paper shows empirically that these concepts correlate weakly in two cases. This has implications for policy and research.
This paper investigates to what extent the ‘New War’ thesis put forward by Mary Kaldor (2006) is supported by empirical evidence. The ‘New War’ thesis maintains that since the Second World War, and especially after the end of the Cold War, warfare increasingly displays ‘New War’ characteristics, such as targeting of civilians and involvement of non-state combatants. The paper finds that, in concurrence with the ‘New War’ thesis, the ratio of civilian to military deaths from battle has increased significantly over the period 1946-2010, as has violence against civilians over the period 1989-2010.
Security Policy has changed dramatically since the end of the Cold War. It can no longer be thought of in terms of securing one country against the military attack of another. Security is now a global concept that crosses state boundaries and faces risks of many shapes and sizes.
The main aim of this research programme is to conceptualise and describe empirically the security gap and to track the way public and private security capabilities are changing and whether they help to close the gap or open it further. Because the world is changing so rapidly, the team has been interested, from the outset, in developing research methods that capture the 'new' nature of what we are analysing and observing. This paper summarises the main methodological and ethical considerations to date across the programme's five components.