by Sam Vincent This document summarises the final Security in Transition programme Field Research Ethics and Methodology workshop held at the London School of Economics on 17 October, 2016. As with previous workshops, the substance of the presentations and discussion focused on the ethical and methodological questions raised in the course of conducting research on
Global Security Cultures: A Theoretical Framework for analysing Security in TransitionWorking Papers
This paper introduces the concept of security cultures as a theoretical framework to enable scholars to make sense of the competing ideas and practices that currently characterise the field of security.
‘All these Outsiders Shouted Louder Than Us’: Civil Society Engagement with Transitional Justice in UgandaWorking Papers
This paper examines civil society interactions with transitional justice in Uganda. It argues that the role of civil society in transitional justice is more complex, and often more circumscribed, than many commentators and practitioners expect. Because of pressures from the state, foreign donors and international civil society, Ugandan civil society has often struggled to maintain a coherent and effective voice on transitional justice matters.
In late 2007, Kenya held presidential elections, whose results were hotly contested, with allegations of fraud. Serious violence followed, some spontaneous, some pre-planned, and some retaliatory. An internationally-brokered agreement followed, creating a power-sharing arrangement between the presidential contestants and a commission of inquiry into the violence. Throughout the violence, civil society actors played a critical role, first monitoring the election, then recording the violence, and pressing for accountability measures.
The role of civil society actors is critical in a host of transitional justice processes. And yet, transitional justice is often approached and examined in a top-down manner that renders the agency of civil society invisible. This paper starts from the premise that the character of transitional justice depends to a large extent on the ways in which civil society actors use, adapt, develop, and contest justice norms and structures. And the other way round: transitional justice processes may have significant impact on civil society. The paper develops an analytical framework for examining different forms of engagement of civil society actors in transitional justice processes in the Balkans, which may be useful for further research on the region as well as comparative work.
The Security Gap in Syria: Individual and Collective Security in ‘Rebel-held’ TerritoriesJournal Articles
This paper examines security in Syria through the conceptual lens of the security gap, understood as the gap between security practices and objectives which have implications for individual and collective security. Practices of security can be the state apparatus, the military, and militias. The objective – safety – can refer to the safety or security of a range of collectives including the state, political parties, and ethnic groups, while individual security refers to the general safety of inhabitants and the protection of human rights.
This report documents local negotiations and agreements in Syria since the end of 2011. It argues that the war in Syria could be ended if the international community effectively supports local ceasefires brokered across Syria in the context of a wider peace plan.
In this multi-sited ethnographic study, anthropologist Ruben Andersson travels along the clandestine migration trail from Senegal and Mali to the Spanish North African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. Through the voices of his informants, Andersson explores how Europe’s increasingly powerful border regime meets and interacts with its target–the clandestine migrant.
Security Policy has changed dramatically since the end of the Cold War. It can no longer be thought of in terms of securing one country against the military attack of another. Security is now a global concept that crosses state boundaries and faces risks of many shapes and sizes.
The main aim of this research programme is to conceptualise and describe empirically the security gap and to track the way public and private security capabilities are changing and whether they help to close the gap or open it further. Because the world is changing so rapidly, the team has been interested, from the outset, in developing research methods that capture the 'new' nature of what we are analysing and observing. This paper summarises the main methodological and ethical considerations to date across the programme's five components.